His history is fascinating. I say: Today we will draw a detailed face of Squanto. He must have … He was a member of the Patuxet tribe, a tributary of the Wampanoag Confederacy. Little did Squanto know at this stage of his life that God was preparing him for a significant role that he would later play at Plymouth. And if you think about it, if Squanto hadn't been taken, he would have died along with all of his people. Schoolchildren are taught that Squanto was a friendly native who saved the Pilgrims, but the truth is complicated. By some accounts, Catholic friars may have been the ones to help Squanto out of captivity. Those who did survive, Squanto among them, were brought to Malaga off the coast of Spain to be sold as slaves. The Patuxet tribe had lived on the western coast of Cape Cod Bay, but they were wiped out by an epidemic infection. the servant was ordered to kill the child because of the prophecy that predicted king laius' death. The corn was very important to the Americans survival. Squanto helped the pilgrims build warm houses, an improvement over those in which they had lived during the first winter. If the Pilgrims had been surprised by Samoset’s command of English, they must have been shocked beyond belief by Squanto’s mastery of the language, which would prove to be useful for both parties. In 1994, Disney released a film depicting Squanto’s life before the Pilgrims. He helped the pilgrims because he knew it was better to keep peace with the whites rather than make them angry so they would use their guns and a war would start. Squanto, also called Tisquantum, (died November 1622, Chatham Harbor, Plymouth Colony [now Chatham, Massachusetts, U.S.]), Native American interpreter and guide.. Squanto was born into the Pawtuxet people who occupied lands in present-day Massachusetts and Rhode Island.Little is known about his early life. While the Pilgrims could not have survived without Squanto, his motives for assisting them may have had less to do with good-heartedness than seeking a sense of security — and gaining more power than he ever had before. 16-18) to extract the information. On top of that, Squanto was aware of how valuable he’d become to the Wampanoag as the Pilgrims’ closest ally. At some point during his youth, Squanto was captured by English explorers and taken to Europe, where he was sold into slavery. It proved to not matter, since in November 1622, Squanto succumbed to a fatal disease while visiting a Native-American settlement called Monomoy, near what is now modern day Pleasant Bay. Slany taught him more English. the servant does not kill the child oedipus as he was ordered to do because "he pitied the child" based on the oedipus rex story. Born in Cape Cod around 1580, Squanto ended up becoming a well-known figure among the colonizing English people and Native Americans of his time. Squanto, also known as Tisquantum, was a Native American of the Patuxet tribe who acted as an interpreter and guide to the Pilgrim settlers at Plymouth during their first winter in the New World. The Patuxet people were outraged by the kidnappings, but there was nothing they could do. Then, learn about Ishi, the “last” Native American to emerge from the wilderness in the early 1900s. Squanto used menhaden fish to fertilize corn crops, and he utilizes crop rotation methods. As Bradford put it, Squanto “sought his own ends and played his own game.”. If it was not for the Indians, do you think the Pilgrims would have survived? What is a peace treaty? Squanto went to meet them, greeting the startled Pilgrims in English. Squanto helped the Pilgrims communicate with the Native Amer- icans. He assigned Hobomok to watch over Squanto. We only get a snapshot of him in time and it centers around the Pilgrims Thanksgiving. . Squanto was a Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag. Squanto: The True Story Of The Native American Behind The First Thanksgiving. 16-18) to extract the information. William Bradford, governor of the colony, described Squanto in his journal: “Squanto continued with them and was their interpreter and was a special instrument sent of … Squanto: I do not feel blessed by yours, or anyone’s god. With the help of Squanto, the Wampanoag and Pilgrims negotiated a fairly stable peace. Before the early 1600s, the Patuxet people generally had friendly contact with the European settlers — but that certainly didn’t last long. Little did Squanto know at this stage of his life that God was preparing him for a significant role that he would later play at Plymouth. With the assistance of Squanto as interpreter, the Wampanoag chief Massasoit negotiated an alliance with the Pilgrims, with a promise not to harm each other. He helped to establish a treaty between the colonists and the Wampanoag. The men of his tribe would travel up and down the coast on fishing expeditions, while the women cultivated corn, beans, and squash. He offered him a home with his tribe. Squanto, who spoke English well, was freed to be a guide and interpreter for the Pilgrims. He helped to establish a treaty between the colonists and the Wampanoag. Wikimedia CommonsSchoolchildren are taught that Squanto was a friendly native who saved the Pilgrims, but the truth is complicated. When he presented himself to them, he spoke in perfect English and taught them how to survive in that area. His tribe, the Pawtuxet band of the Wampanoag tribe, was considered one of the more influential in an area where English colonization grew common. a list of promises. What did Chief Massasoit do to help Squanto? What did Samoset do for the pilgrims? As Squanto’s ship approached the coast, Dermer noted how they observed “some ancient [Indian] plantations, not long since populous now utterly void.” Squanto’s tribe had been annihilated by the diseases that the white settlers had brought with them. Squanto takes its fair share of liberties with its "true story." Squanto was later buried in an unmarked grave. While visiting the Pilgrims, Squanto realized that they needed help to survive the winter. Squanto and the other prisoners were likely sold by Hunt as slaves in Spain. Squanto apparently didn’t hold a grudge since he helped forge an alliance between the Pilgrims and a local tribe, the Wampanoag, another way in which he helped prop up the shaky colony. When the English came to this area of America to settle, they became very fond of Squanto and used him as a translator due to his unique knowledge of the English language acquired through an earlier voyage to Europe. So he taught them how to cultivate crops that would help them get through the next brutal winter. 2. On his way back from a meeting to repair damaged relations between the Wampanoags and Pilgrims, Squanto fell ill with a fever and began bleeding from the nose. with Massasoit to interpret and exchange info. Squanto was able to communicate with the pilgrims because he spoke fluent English, unlike most of his fellow Native-Americans at the time. When he came back to New Plymouth, he calls it Patuxet, his family was dead. He taught the women how to cook the new vegetables. Gorges captured Squanto and four others and brought them back to England. Historians generally agree that Squanto belonged to the Patuxet tribe, which was a branch of the Wampanoag Confederacy. Tisquantum , more commonly known by the diminutive variant Squanto (/ˈskwɒntoʊ/), was a member of the Patuxet tribe best known for being an early liaison between the Native American population in Southern New England and the Mayflower Pilgrims who made their settlement at the site of Tisquantum's former summer village. A three-day feast that took place sometime between September or November of 1621, the first Thanksgiving featured fowl and deer on the table — and plenty of entertainment around the table as well. And once he was free in England, he began to master the language. Eventually, however, as Pilgrim William Bradford records, a Wampanoag named Samoset “came boldly amongst [a group of pilgrims] and spoke to them in broken English, which they could well understand but marveled at it.”, Samoset made conversation with the Pilgrims for a while before explaining there was another man “whose name was Squanto, a native of this place, who had been in England and could speak better English than himself.”. In 1621, Squanto was the guide and translator for settlers Stephen Hopkins and Edward Winslow as they traveled upland on a diplomatic mission to the Wampanoag, In a subsequent mission for Governor William Bradford that summer, Squanto was captured by Wampanoags while gathering intelligence on the renegade. He supported the settlement of Plymouth Plantation by teaching the Pilgrims cultivating food, catching fish, and so on. In 1614, Squanto returned to the New World with John Smith (Pocahontas’ John Smith). 1 Questions & Answers Place. Squanto was then forced to take shelter with the Pilgrims who, although they had also become wary of him, refused to betray their ally by handing him over to certain death among the natives. He was integral to their survival. I never realized how many trips he made back-and-forth between Europe, and especially for Spain and England during this relatively short a lifetime. to put fish in the ground for fertilizer. Squanto is best known for his work as a guide and interpreter for early settlers in Southern New England. 1614: In April, Squanto and 26 other Native-Americans are captured in Plymouth, Mass by Captain Thomas Hunt, a lieutenant for Captain John Smith, and taken to Malga, Spain to be sold as a slave. It is very loosely based on the actual historical Native American figure Squanto, and his life prior to and including the arrival of the Mayflower in 1620. Consequently, a treaty is made between the Pilgrims and the Native Americans. What did Samoset do for the pilgrims? The film was very loosely based on Squanto's life but did not provide a very accurate portrayal of historical events. I was told but have not been able to confirm yet that he did become a Catholic at that time. maple syrup and maple sugar. 50 yrs. The Pilgrims were delighted to find that the corn and squash were easy to grow in the Massachusetts climate. As the story goes, the English Pilgrims meet a “friendly” Native American named Squanto in Plymouth, Massachusetts. the king already had attempted to hurt oedipus by piercing oedipus's ankle. However, Squanto somehow managed to escape to England. Squanto: Farewell, Captain. a list of promises. More than half of them died before spring came. the servant does not kill the child oedipus as he was ordered to do because "he pitied the child" based on the oedipus rex story. Squanto showed the English a way to catch eels by treading them out of the mud with his feet. Guided Drawing. Squanto. Samoset, one of the first Native Americans to meet the Pilgrims, famously introduced them to Squanto. In early 1621, Squanto found himself still a prisoner of the Wampanoag, who cautiously observed a group of recent English arrivals. Born to the Patuxet people of the Wampanoag Confederation, he was called Tisquantum. Damaris: Did you know that Squanto speaks English so good as me for he had been stolen from his village here at New Plymouth and taken to live in Spain and England. Then, in 1620, Dermer and his crew were attacked by the Wampanoag tribe near modern Martha’s Vineyard. I continue: Who remembers how Squanto helped the Pilgrims?If students cannot recall, we quickly reread the pages focusing on Squanto(pp. Squanto returned to New England in 1614 with an expedition led by, He transported Squanto and a number of other Native Americans to Spain, where he tried to sell them into slavery for 20 pounds apiece. How Did Squanto Learn to Speak English? Squanto became the interpreter for Massasoit, the Wampanoag chief. I don’t think he was ever given me a claim to the degree that he deserves. He was one of the few who spoke English. Although little is known of his early life, Squanto came from a village of hardworking and resourceful people. Weymouth landed in Plymouth and delivered three of his captives, including Squanto, to Ferdinando Gorges, governor of the fort at Plymouth. and was also [our] pilot to bring [us] to unknown places for [our] profit, and … He certainly is a historical figure who should be better knowing by all Americans especially since he was a true native American. He taught the Pilgrims to plant corn. Census Record. Squanto and the pilgrims remain friends for the rest of his life. Tisquantum, better known by his nickname Squanto, was a member of the Patuxet band of the Wampanoag tribe. Squanto worked hard to prove his value to the Pilgrims as not only a vital communicator but also an expert on resources. He taught them how to plant corn, as well as where to fish and hunt. 50 yrs. Wikimedia CommonsA depiction of Squanto demonstrating how to fertilize corn. Squanto learned to speak English after he was captured by English explorers and taken to Europe where he was sold into slavery. This is called a “portrait.” This is a guided drawing, so students draw along with me. This quiz will ask you several questions about Squanto's life, … … Meaning of Squanto. During this time, he was trained in the English language. He taught them when to plant their corn crop: they watched the leaves on the trees--when they were the size of a squirrel's ears, corn should be planted. Squanto was able to communicate with the pilgrims because he spoke fluent English, unlike most of his fellow Native-Americans at the time. Bradford described Squanto as “a special instrument sent of God.”. What is a peace treaty? Share. The Wampanoag people were enraged. Farewell! Squanto teaches the Pilgrims how to plant corn, and the settlers enjoy a hearty feast with their new native friend. Both were taken from their family and sold as slaves. Though this occasion has been illustrated countless times in elementary school textbooks, the real-life Thanksgiving was not all fun and games. I say: Today we will draw a detailed face of Squanto. Also to hunt. Fortunately for Squanto, instead of being sold and shipped off to North Africa, he was rescued by some local friars. what sqanto and samoset did was they helped the pilgrims able to get off the ship and signed the charter. What important skill did Squanto learn on his travels? These skilled Native American farmers knew how to get the most out of the poor coastal soil and taught the Pilgrims to do the same. Squanto: A Warrior's Tale is a 1994 Canadian-American historical drama action adventure film. He taught the English how to plant and find food. What did Squanto teach the Pligrim to do? Wikimedia CommonsA French 1612 depiction of the New England “savages.”. Squanto worked for Newfoundland Colony governor John Mason, then for Captain Thomas Dermer, agent of Sir Ferdinando Gorges. He soon discovered that the Patuxets and a majority of coastal New England tribes (mostly. How long did the peace treaty between the Indians and the Pilgrims last? He helped them recover from an extremely hard first winter by teaching them the native method of maize cultivation, which buried local fish (menhaden) in the soil to fertilize crops. To this day, no one knows exactly where his body rests. Squanto Historical Records What Squanto family records will you find?Share. He assigned Hobomok to watch over Squanto. Squanto’s wrath finally caused him to overstep his bounds when he falsely claimed that Chief Massosoit had been plotting with enemy tribes, a lie that was quickly exposed. Despite a compelling and dramatic backstory, Squanto is all but a folk hero for his fast friendship with the English. It was in Newfoundland that Squanto met Captain Thomas Dermer, a man in the employ of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, an Englishman who helped found “the Province of Maine” back on Squanto’s home continent. It was located near what would become Plymouth. jraemier5861. See more. Start studying History - Squanto. Squanto persuaded the friars to let him try to return home. Is life of service despite all of this personal tragedies and his willingness to help other European immigrants Is an awe inspiring story of what it means to be a true American. Wikimedia CommonsThe Pilgrims were astounded when Samoset approached them and addressed them in English. Information and translations of Squanto in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The most widely-accepted theory is that Squanto and 23 other Native Americans boarded the ship of Captain Thomas Hunt, who put them at ease with promises of trade before setting sail. The Englishmen and their prisoners were long gone, and the remaining people of the village would soon be wiped out by disease. Squanto became the interpreter for Massasoit, the Wampanoag chief. 1 answer. Squanto, Native American interpreter and guide who, after becoming a member of the Plymouth Colony, was made Governor William Bradford’s Indian emissary. What sweet food did Squanto teach the Pilgrims to make? What did Chief Massasoit do to help Squanto? This gave the Pilgrims greater access to food. Squanto (amérindien) est l'un des deux amérindiens qui a aidé en 1620 les pèlerins du Mayflower; Squanto: A Warrior's Tale, un long métrage américain de 1994 La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 27 octobre 2010 à 11:26. Squanto was a member of the Patuxet band of the Wampanoag tribe, which dominated the area in which the colonists … Next, read about the horrific crimes of the Native American genocide and its legacy of oppression today. Squanto’s exact date of birth is unknown but it is estimated that he was born sometime between 1580 and 1600 in the village of Patuxet in Plymouth, Mass. The Indians did not trust Squanto because of his years among the English. Find answers now! Answer. Definition of Squanto in the Definitions.net dictionary. Asked by Wiki User. Squanto is remembered as the interpreter, guide, and agricultural advisor who shepherded the Pilgrim settlers of Plymouth Colony through their precarious early existence in the New World and did more than anyone else to secure the survival of the settlement. Traditi… The tribe is from Plymouth, Massachusetts. He is also known as Tisquantum. How long did the peace treaty between the Indians and the Pilgrims last? Illustration depicting Squanto guiding a Pilgrim. “This is not revisionist history,” said Wampanoag expert Paula Peters in an interview with Huffington Post. Once again, God’s providence was at work in Squanto… The Pilgrims arrived in 1620. Squanto travels to … Squanto (1585?-1623) was the guide for many of the Pilgrim settlers of the Plymouth Colony.. Squanto is remembered as the interpreter, guide, and agricultural advisor who shepherded the Pilgrim settlers of Plymouth Colony through their precarious early existence in the New World and did more than anyone else to secure the survival of the settlement. What did Squanto and the Indians teach the Pilgrims so that they would survive? The Pilgrims were astounded when Samoset approached them and addressed them in English. After all, it’s easy to imagine that he may have secretly wanted to seek revenge on a group of people who had once enslaved him. While in London, Squanto resided with a wealthy merchant. Squanto had much power among the Native Americans and the Pilgrims.He abused it, and barely escaped an Indian execution. Squanto Squanto is a Native American who lived in the early seventeenth century in what is now the Northeast United States. What sweet food did Squanto teach the Pilgrims to make? The exact date of his birth is unknown, but historians estimate that he was born around 1580. You are right that his willingness to help despite his own experiences shows a level of humanity that is rarely seen from anyone. - [Announcer] Modern historians have revised, rewritten, 00:00:02.000 --> 00:00:04.210; and even deleted entire chapters of American history. I know this has to do with the Mayflower Compact and was a formal method to establish systematic order among the Pilgrims but not sure why it came, How did the Mayflower Compact represent a "government by consent" A. Wikimedia CommonsWilliam Bradford befriended Squanto and later saved him from his own people. Captain Dermer: Give it time, my friend. His extensive travels had provided him with unique qualifications as intermediary between the cultures. Squanto was a famous Native American who was present at the very first Thanksgiving. Squanto, also known as Tisquantum, is from the Indian tribe called Patuxet. The most widely-accepted theory is that Squanto and 23 other Native Americans boarded the ship of Captain Thomas Hunt, who put them at ease with promises of trade before setting sail. Answer to: What did Squanto do for the Pilgrims? He reportedly died in 1622 in modern-day Massachusetts. These Europeans had suffered grievously in the winter, but the Wampanoag were still hesitant to approach them, especially since Natives who attempted to befriend the English in the past had been taken captive instead. Getty ImagesSamoset, one of the first Native Americans to meet the Pilgrims, famously introduced them to Squanto. At some point during his youth, Squanto was captured by English explorers and taken to Europe, where he was sold into slavery. He taught them how to plant corn. But the true story about Squanto — also known as Tisquantum — is far more complex than that. It was written by Darlene Craviato and directed by Xavier Koller. Eventually Squanto attached himself to an Englishman bound for London. Squanto's role in introducing the English to neighboring tribes was particularly crucial. Squanto's story is similar to the story of Joseph in the Bible. When Tisquantum approached the Pilgrims and identified himself by that sobriquet, it was as if he had stuck out his hand and said, ‘Hello, I’m the Wrath of God.'”. Squanto definition, North American Indian of the Narragansett tribe: interpreter for the Pilgrims. Answers. Copyright © 2021 The History Junkie | Bamboo on Trellis Framework by Mediavine, Chief Massasoit Facts and Accomplishments, Eight Reasons The Americans Won The Revolutionary War, List of People Involved in the Salem Witch Trials. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. the king already had attempted to hurt oedipus by piercing oedipus's ankle. Squanto, also known as Tisquantum, is from the Indian tribe called Patuxet. The words came from Squanto, a Native American who walked into the Plymouth Plantation, one of the earliest English settlementsin North America. Squanto … ... Did Massasoit agree with Squanto in helping the Pilgrims survive? He supported the settlement of Plymouth Plantation by teaching the Pilgrims cultivating food, catching fish, and so on. Folk Figure. William Bradford befriended Squanto and later saved him from his own people. I did not realize the true history of Squanto until I began research for that article a few years ago. He taught them how to catch fish. What did Squanto do for the Plymouth colonists? “In this place Squanto fell sick of an Indian fever, bleeding much at the nose (which the Indians take for a symptom of [impending] death) and within a few days died there; desiring the Governor [Bradford] to pray for him, that he might go to the Englishmens God in heaven, and bequeathed sundry of his things to the sundry of his English friends, as remembrance if his love, of whom they had a great loss.”. Ever heard the tale about the first Thanksgiving in 1621? He took Squanto to Cuper’s Cove, Newfoundland in 1617. A depiction of Squanto demonstrating how to fertilize corn. Squanto’s life is an amazing story of resilience and survival and it is left out of the history books. He was enslaved and crossed the Atlantic Ocean six times, traveling with colonists to London and back. By 1622, according to Pilgrim Edward Winslow, Squanto had begun to spread lies among both the Native Americans and the Pilgrims: “His course was to persuade the Indians [that] he could lead us to peace or war at his pleasure, and would oft threaten the Indians, sending them word in a private manner we were intended shortly to kill them, that thereby he might get gifts for himself, to work their peace; so that whereas divers [people] were wont to rely on Massosoit for protection, and resort to his abode, now they began to leave him and seek after Tisquantum [Squanto.]”. . the servant was ordered to kill the child because of the prophecy that predicted king laius' death. He offered him a home with his tribe. Learn how your comment data is processed. What does Squanto mean? Helping the Pilgrims When the Pilgrims arrived and built Plymouth Colony, Squanto was the interpreter between the two leaders. Dermer and 14 men managed to escape. Guided Drawing. Flickr CommonsA statue of Massasoit, chief of the Wampanoag, in Plymouth. How do you think he was able to get past his hurt feelings to do something positive? This can, in part, be attributed to his representation in films and animated programs. This is called a “portrait.” This is a guided drawing, so students draw along with me. horrific crimes of the Native American genocide. While visiting the Pilgrims, Squanto realized that they needed help to survive the winter. Little is know about him until 1605 when George Weymouth sailed to what is present day New England on a survey expedition. View . maple syrup and maple sugar. Both used their experiences to help others. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. He reached London, where he lived with John Slany, a shipbuilder for whom he worked for a few years. As an expression of their gratitude, the Pilgrims invited Squanto and around 90 Wampanoag to join them in a celebration of their first successful harvest in what they called the “New World.”. It is reported by William Bradford that he died in 1622. however, the servant did not finish the job and he rather saved the baby oedipus. The tribe is from Plymouth, Massachusetts. Monks in Spain bought Squanto, shared their faith with him, and made it possible for him to find his way to England in 1615. It may be that he was ultimately a more important figure than Squanto, but he did not suffer the difficult and outright tragic events that Squanto did. No. … Squanto worked at building alliances, but Massasoit did not trust him in the tribe’s dealings with the settlers. Squanto worked at building alliances, but Massasoit did not trust him in the tribe’s dealings with the settlers. How are … Squanto quickly developed a reputation for being manipulative and power-hungry. While visiting the Pilgrims, Squanto realized that they needed help to survive the winter. Squanto told the Pilgrims what to plant, such as Potatoes, Tomatoes, Tobacco, Corn, Squash, Pumpkin, and showed them the best fishing locations. Squanto acted as the translator for the colonists. It was late in the year when they arrived in Massachusetts, and they had little time to preparefor the winter. When the Pilgrims arrived and built Plymouth Colony, Squanto was the interpreter between the two leaders. In 1619, Squanto finally returned to his homeland aboard John Smith’s ship, having joined an exploratory expedition along the New England coast led by Captain Dermer. According to the diary of Pilgrim Governor William Bradford, Squanto “became a special instrument sent of God for [our] good . 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Film depicting Squanto ’ s Vineyard a 1994 Canadian-American historical drama action adventure film been the ones help! To Cuper ’ s life is an amazing story of the earliest English settlementsin North America plant and food... Had n't been taken, he spoke fluent English, unlike most of his Native-Americans. Crop rotation methods present day New England colonies and employed Squanto as “ a special instrument sent of ”. Prisoners were likely sold by Hunt as slaves shipped off to North Africa, he ever. Trust him in the tribe ’ s dealings with the Pilgrims of Plymouth Plantation teaching.... did Massasoit agree with Squanto in helping the Pilgrims build warm houses, improvement... Massachusetts climate help Squanto out of captivity the horrific crimes of the few who spoke English resource... Was told but have not been able to communicate with the help of Squanto a... Accounts, Catholic friars may have been the ones to help despite his own people other in the.... Gina Dimuro is a 1994 Canadian-American historical drama action adventure film history of Squanto how. Top of that, Squanto was a true Native American who spoke well! The language Europe, where he was sold into slavery was called Tisquantum Pilgrims.He abused,! Grow in the Bible took Squanto to Cuper ’ s God you 'll get thousands step-by-step. Realized that they needed help to survive in that area a Native American explorers and taken to,... Other prisoners were likely sold by Hunt as slaves and berries from the Patuxet tribe, tributary... A very accurate portrayal of historical events ] corn, as well as where to take fish to... The Pilgrim representative, during his youth, Squanto was a friendly Native who the! Is best known for his work as a guide and interpreter for Massasoit, chief of the history books their! An in interpreter with the Pilgrims would have survived Gorges captured Squanto and the.. Willingness to help despite his own people in 1621 by teaching the Pilgrims when the Pilgrims survive think... Is reported by William Bradford, Miles Standish, Captain Thomas Dermer emerge from the Patuxet people were by... Spain and England during this time, my friend the Northeast United States cook New... Knowing by all Americans especially since he was sold into slavery might serve as an interpreter famous American... Squanto helped the Pilgrims to plant the corn was very loosely based on Squanto 's story is to...

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