into Latin (Tiruvalluvar phrase பிறவிப்பெருங்கடல் as �sea of this birth� which has been Pope, G.U. The translation presented here is that of Father Beschi Joseph, taken from G.U. G.U. However, amongst linguists it enjoys the same status as Sanskrit in India. The concept of rebirth or many births for the same soul is contrary to Christian principle and belief". [6][8] The first available French version, however, was the one made in 1848 by E. S. Ariel. Around 1767, an unknown author made the first French translation, which went unnoticed. How would one, who kills the body of another being, and eats the meat of that being in order to enlarge one's own body, become one, who nurtures Arul ('compassion')? Reprinted in 1989, 1991, 1992, and 2000 by International Tamil Language Foundation, Kural—Portraits: Dr. Kalaignar M. Karunanidhi’s Kuralovium, a Translation from Tamil by K. Chellappan. Latin was the first European language into which the, n 1865, International Institute of Tamil Society of Jesus (1700-1742) translated the first two books of the Kural (Virtue and Wealth) and In 1886, George Uglow Pope published the first complete English translation in verse by a single author, which brought the Kural text to a wide audience of the western world. Pope. తన శరీరంలోని కండలు పెంచుకోవడం కోసం వేరొక ప్రాణి శరీరాన్ని ఆహారంగా స్వీకరించేవారు ఏ విధంగా దయా స్వభావులవుతారు? Attributed to Thiruvalluvar, who probably lived between the 3 rd and 6 th centuries A.D., the Kural (as it is often referred) occupies a … The Latin translation of Thirukkural made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 did much to make known to European intellectuals the richness and beauty of Oriental Tamil literature.Being a collection of poem, the translation to prose or the Urai (explanation) of Tirukural have been given by eminent personalities like M.K.Karunanidhi, the current Chief minister of Tamilnadu. Rev. The first translation of the Thirukkural in a European language was done in Latin by Constanzo Beschi, a Jesuit missionary in 1730. The first translation of the Kural text appeared in Malayalam in 1595 CE under the title Tirukkural Bhasha by an unknown author. author (in English). or deliberately misinterpret the message to make it conform to their My son N.V. Junaid took the Reprinted in 1999. The Latin translation of Thirukkural was made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730. Any language that Dumast and Louis Jacolliot. How can a person be held to be compassionate when he slays animals and eat their flesh, for fattening his own body? He came to India under Anglican Christian Missions He lived in 19 th century. Thirukkural was translated into Latin … It is the only tamil literary work (possibly after the Bible) that has been translated many times in almost all languages of the world. translated by others as �the sea of many births�. a translation in Italian language. One of the earliest commentaries on the Thirukkural was by Parimelazhagar, belonging to the 12th century. Qui ut suam earnem augeat, alienas carnes comedit, quomodo is benevolentia utetur? Latin was the first European language into which the Kural was translated. How will he exercise charity, who eats the flesh of another (creature) to fatten his own flesh? G U Pope who hailed Thiruvalluvar as “the [6] The German version was published both at London and Leipzig. Father Beshi, The remaining portions were translated by John Lazarus, a native missionary, thus providing the first complete English translation. Third edition in 1960 and fourth edition in 1975. Studies, Chennai. Development, 2000. Along with the Bible and the Quran, the Kural remains one of the most translated works in the world. Rev. Narayana Govindarao Peshwe and Ganpath Govindarao Peshwe, Translated only the first 89 chapters. [4] The universality is such that, despite its having been written in the pre-Christian era, almost every religious group in India and across the world, including Christianity, has claimed the work for itself. Bagaimanakah orang, yang membunuh tubuh makhluk lain, dan makan daging makhluk itu untuk membesarkan badannya sendiri, akan menjadi orang, yang memelihara arul (belas kasihan)? This classical work in Tamil has been widely translated in over 60 languages of the world. translation �The Sacred Kurral� كيف يكون احد رؤوفا ورحيما إن يأكل الحيوانات. V. Ramasamy writes: "Beschi The Tamil classic, Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), has been translated into many major languages of the world. The first English translation ever was attempted by N. E. Kindersley in 1794 when he translated select couplets of the Kural. Began translating in 1987. So far, 96 scholars have translated Thirukkural in English and the first was done by Rev. First published 1930. In 1865, his Latin translation of the Kural text, along with commentaries in Simple Tamil, was posthumously published. The Kural must have been translated into Hur skall den kunna behärskas av godhet som äter andra varelsers kött för att hans eget kött må stärkas? Examples translated by humans: thirukkural. Πώς μπορεί κάποιος, που τρώει τη σάρκα άλλων για να, Translated only 852 couplets (from all chapters). Pope edited this only manuscript found in the India Office This work is the first translation to the English language. as �sea of this birth� which has been 동물의 고기를 먹어 스스로 살찌우는 사람은 타인에게 결코 친절할 수 없다. In 1856, Karl Graul translated the Kural into German, claiming that Kural is closer to the Christian preaching and offers a model of Tamil worldview. How can a man grace who eats the meat of other animal to fatten himself? the true nature of the Kural. It was translated into Latin by Constantius Joseph Beschi in 1730 (Ramasamy 2001). The Latin translation of Thirukkural made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 did much to make known to European intellectuals the richness and beauty of Oriental Tamil literature. There are also versions of Thirukkural in French by Monsleur Ariel and in German by Dr. Graul. Asian Education International Institute of Tamil [10][11][12][13] William Henry Drew translated the first two parts in prose in 1840 and 1852, respectively. He who fattens on the flesh of animals, can he ever understand the rule of love? Fr. Tirukkural was first translated into Malayalam (titled Tirukkural Basha) by an anonymous writer in 1595 CE. Kural Versione Lationa). Thirukkural has been translated into several languages, including a translation into Latin by Constanzo Beschi in 1730, which helped make the work known to European intellectuals. A.F.Gammers and Friendrich Ruckert have translated it into GERMAN. Nearly 300 years ago, the Italian Jesuit missionary, Constantius Beschi (known as Veeramamunnivar in Tamil) who came to Tamil Nadu in 1710, translated the Thirukkural into Latin. Added to this inherent difficulty is the attempt of some scholars to either in 1886. One who fattens himself feeding on the animal flesh can never be kind to others. In 1865, his Latin translation of the Kural text, along with commentaries in Simple Tamil, was posthumously published. Thirukkuṛaḷ is a combined word formed by joining the two words Thiru (meaning revered) and Kural (is a form of poem writing style, like Ballad English Poems. Kural in English with Commentary in Tamil, Thirukural Moolamum Uraiyum with English Translation. In 1730, Constantius Joseph Beschi rendered the Kural text into Latin, introducing the work to the Europeans for the first time.However, only the first two books of the Kural text, namely, virtue and wealth, were translated by Beschi, who considered translating the book on love inappropriate for a Christian missionary. Sri Aurobindo’s Translation of Thirukkural - Usha Mahadevan Sri Aurobindo was not only a profound scholar, yogi, poet, dramatist and critic but also a translator per excellence. 1886. Translation completed 1933 with comprehensive commentary and notes, but published September 1957 with abridged commentary, Reprinted in 1960 with translations for Books I and II in verse. Other translations of Thirukkural. Odes from the Kural (Folksongs of South India), Translated only Books I and II (1080 couplets). Along with his own English prose translation, his publication contained the original Tamil text, the Tamil commentary by Parimelazhagar and Ramanuja Kavirayar 's amplification of the commentary. ತನ್ನ ಮೈ ಮಾಂಸವನ್ನು ಬೆಳಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳಲು ಇತರ ಪ್ರಾಣಿಗಳ ಮೈಮಾಂಸವನ್ನು ತಿನ್ನುವವನು ಹೇಗೆ ತಾನೆ ಕರುಣೆಯಿಂದ ಬಾಳಬಲ್ಲನು? How can you consider the person eating the flesh of other creatures to strengthen his own, as merciful? is purposely distorting the message of the original when he renders பிறவாழி as �the sea of miserable life� and the There are at least two more By 2014, the Kural had been translated to more than 42 languages, with 57 versions available in English. स्वतःची चरबी वाढावी म्हणून दुसन्या प्राण्यांचे जो मांस खातो; त्याला दया कशी बरे कधी वाटेल? Sacred Kurral of Tiruvalluva Nayanar�. Here again, only parts of the work was translated. Comment celui qui mange la chair d’un autre être animé. [17] Added to this inherent difficulty is the attempt by some scholars to either read their own ideas into the Kural couplets or deliberately misinterpret the message to make it conform to their preconceived notions. [16], The couplets of the Kural are inherently complex by virtue of their dense meaning within their terse structure. George Uglow Pope translated Thirukkural in English. Human translations with examples: tamil, தமிழில் பேட் கதை, samathuvam in tamil. The Latin translation of Thirukkural made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 did much to make known to European intellectuals the richness and beauty of Oriental Tamil literature. phrase. Thirukkural has been translated into LATIN by Fr.Bechie and Dr. Grawl. An English Translation of Tirukural by GU Pope brought the Tirukkural to the western world in 1886. E. S. Ariel, who translated and published the third part of the Kural to French in 1848, called it "a masterpiece of Tamil literature, one of the highest and purest expressions of human thought." [7] In 1856, Karl Graul translated the Kural into German, claiming that the Kural is closer to the Christian preaching and offers a model of Tamil worldview. thirukural on the Internet Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). The Kural text, considered to have been written in the 1st century BCE,[2] remained unknown to the outside world for close to one and a half millennia. Prominent among the translators in FRENCH are E.Ariel, P.G. An introduction & suggestions to the author through this address. It was partially translated into English verse by Nathaniel Edward Kindersley in 1794. C.J. Ißt jemand Fleisch von anderen Kreaturen, um sein eigenes Fleisch zu vermehren – wie kann er Gnade erlangen? More in prose than in verse. Route your comments (a) If one eats the flesh of another (creature) to fatten his body, Tiruvalluvar—The Tirukkural: A New English Version. Thirukkural has been translated into LATIN by Fr.Bechie and Dr. Grawl. First appeared in, Kevin Raja Kowsihaa Gowsegan Gowrithasan Krogh, Tiruwalluwar "Tirukkural" ("Kural"). The Thirukkural is one of the most widely translated pieces of Tamil literature. Pp 15. mistranslations. Along with Drew’s English prose translation, it contained the original Tamil text, the Tamil commentary by Parimelalhagar and Ramanuja Kavirayar's amplification of the commentary. Wie kann er zutreffendes Mitleid üben, das das Fleisch eines Tieres ißt, Published as the third volume (220 pages) of the four-volume work. However, only the first two books of the Kural text, namely, virtue and wealth, were translated by Beschi, who considered translating the book on love inappropriate for a Christian missionary. [14], By the turn of the twenty-first century, the Kural had already been translated to more than 37 world languages,[15] with at least 24 complete translations in English language alone, by both native and non-native scholars. The Latin translation of Thirukkural made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 did much to make known to European intellectuals the richness and beauty of Oriental Tamil literature. responsibility of typesetting the entire translation. Translation released on 23 June 2002. This was followed by another incomplete attempt by Francis Whyte Ellis in 1812, who translated only 120 couplets—69 in verse and 51 in prose. Nearly two hundred years ago, the famous Jesuit missionary ConstantiusBeschi, who lived in Tamil Nadu for 42 years, translated Kural ( Folksongs of South India ), has been translated into Latin ( Tiruvalluvar Kural Versione )... 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Huld pflegen Venpa verse with two lines second book, too, in prose than 42 languages, next... The remaining portions were translated by others as �the sea of miseries� the true nature of world! In 19 th century first translation of Thirukkural was made by Constanzo Beschi in 1730 can one see... The exquisiteness of the original that time ’ s Thirukkural has been translated into Latin by Fr.Bechie and Dr..! Danish Missionary August Friedrich Caemmerer translated it into German English by a single author comments suggestions... Tamil-Tamil-English dictionary, the Kural into Latin by Fr.Beschi, one of the Kural ) is a of. Govindarao Peshwe and Ganpath Govindarao Peshwe, translated only 852 couplets ( from all chapters ) work! माम्स भक्षण कर्ता, ।, published by the translator Kevin Raja Gowsegan... S. Ariel the second book, too, in the 12th century.! Only a translation in English with Roman translation Dr. Karl Graul in 1856 published the are! Been presented here alienas carnes comedit, quomodo is benevolentia utetur, German, French,,! Amongst linguists it enjoys the same status as Sanskrit in India �sea of this birth� which has been translated Latin! 1595 CE under the title Tirukkural Bhasha by an unknown author made the first book the... ( from all chapters ) a piece of land '' to `` ruling country... Lifco Tamil-Tamil-English dictionary, the Kural ) is a collection of the ancient Rome is! 12Th century too, in prose of living compassion Hindi, Urdu, Latin, German and couplets! कशी बरे कधी वाटेल the Thirukkural was done by a single author Fleisch. The Thirukkural was done by a later Tamil poet, Parimelazhagar, in the century! Thiruvalluvar ( in verse ), has been presented here is that of Father Beschi Joseph, taken from.... To living, how will he exercise charity, who, to his. Birth� which has been translated into Latin ( Tiruvalluvar Kural Versione Lationa ) )... Kindersley in 1794 ancient Rome and is no longer a spoken language E. Kindersley in 1794 when he animals! The ugliness of eating meat, only parts of the English translation of Thirukural, first complete translation in )! Thirukural: an ancient Tamil classic, Thirukkural ( Sacred couplets ), has been translated Spanish! Father Beschi Joseph, taken from G.U either Roman or Devnagiri script is ideed easy to handle or! Of world languages including Hindi, Urdu, Latin, but I aware. The Sage Thiruvalluvar over two millennia ago his work in Tamil, was posthumously published he! Missionary, thus providing the first 89 chapters to the LIFCO Tamil-Tamil-English dictionary, the couplets translated by the Thiruvalluvar! Book of the entire Kural, written closely to the author through this address Drew translated the Kural....

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